A recent study, published in the journal Science, found that by the age of 6 girls are more likely to guess that a “really really smart” adult who was described to them was male not female.
Boys were also more likely to think that the person described was male https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/26/well/family/why-young-girls-dont-think-they-are-smart-enough.html
This research was confronting for me on two levels. There is the obvious concern that girls do not think that they are likely to grow into really really smart women. Then there is the fact that boys also believe this.
It is important that both boys and girls are taught that women are just as capable as men, both in study and in the workforce if women are to achieve equality in pay and status. While we and our daughters continue to come up against unconscious bias from both genders we have no real hope of attaining this outcome.
The question is, what we can do?
There is an argument that, because much of the bias faced by girls is unconscious, it is almost impossible to fight. Girls are subjected to unfavourable (often unconscious) bias about their abilities in school, sport, by family and many of their other extra-curricular activities.
I think that there is good reason to fight the battle wherever we see bias at work against our daughters. I also think that we can make a huge difference by recognising our own biases and working to combat them.
I will give you a personal example.
Not long ago, I read an article by an Author who lamented that when she visited schools to talk about her books and her writing, it was often only girls who were brought to attend her talks.
The author said that while her main character was a girl, she believed that the stories were interesting in their own right, and that by excluding boys from her talks, teachers were reinforcing the idea that some books were just for girls.
I nodded as I read, thinking how terrible this was until I took the time to reflect.
Was I likely to borrow the Princess in Black books from the library to read to my son?
My daughter loves these books. The main character uses martial arts to defeat monsters and the story lines are simple but not condescending. There are a lot of reasons that my son might enjoy these books (when he is old enough) but I know that without making a positive and conscious effort, I was unlikely to pick these stories up to read to my son.
Now that I am aware of this tendency, I am actively seeking out books where the main characters are strong girls and reading them to him.
Your response to all of this might be “okay, great topic, but what has it got to do with science?”
The answer is that girls have lower participation rates in science in high school and tertiary studies than boys do. Science is perceived as a field for “really smart people” and therefore girls tend to self-exclude from these subjects.
Those who do participate in science disciplines are surrounded by groups of males, including their teachers, who are likely to hold belief that the really smart and talented people in the room are men.
There is a lot of work to be done to fix these problems but I am setting out to clean up my own act as my #1 priority.